A post-Brexit Europe is starting to take shape
The essential and unavoidable fact is that Britain will not be in the room when EU summits are called on all the different issues that are certain to emerge in these increasingly uncertain times. It could be on a major financial crisis, a new Russian aggression, an accelerated Middle East meltdown or on something completely out of the blue. We have been there before.
If there is a smooth and soft Brexit, it should be possible to set up the mechanisms of a “special partnership” tighter than the one Britain claims to enjoy with the US. But if there is a brutal Brexit, the political scars will last for years.
For all its public ambivalence, there is little doubt that on the inside Britain has been very powerful in shaping the evolution of the EU. It has been in the vanguard of the single market, free trade, competitiveness and enlargement drives during the past few decades. It has given weight to the efforts to build a common EU foreign policy.
How to talk to children about terrorist attacks >>>
Consultant clinical psychologist Emma Citron, who specialises in children and trauma, says families should not shy away from talking about such events.
“Give children basic facts, tell them what it is they want to know, ask them what they would like to know and then give them access to that,” she says.
“Support them and comfort them and be there for them, hug them, cry with them if they’re crying, just respond to how they’re responding emotionally.
“Take the lead from them – we need to know what it is they want answers to.”
While it’s important to talk about the news, parents should avoid unnecessary detail, adds Ms Citron.
“Avoid nasty details, there’s no need for them, they’re unnecessary.
“You don’t want to be describing the scene, describing the bloodshed, describing what it looked like, showing them images – I would be avoiding all of that, because that can traumatise the child.”
Ms Citron says parents should take the lead from their children in how the conversation develops, but should try to include as many calm and reassuring phrases as possible.
“General comments like, ‘This is a very rare occurrence’, ‘It’s absolutely awful, but thank goodness it’s extremely rare’, and ‘Security is going to be tightened even more’, are really reassuring.
How would I know if my child was traumatised?
The signs of trauma depend very much on the individual, however, symptoms to watch for include:
child becoming fearful, clingy and anxious
child becoming preoccupied with thoughts and memories
being unable to concentrate
becoming irritable and disobedient
physical symptoms such as headaches and stomach-aches
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Britain and EU agree to focus on divorce at start of Brexit talks
Although Britain’s concession on the sequencing of talks may have little effect on the final settlement — the UK had wanted to hold divorce negotiations in parallel with those on a bilateral trade deal — it served to underline concerns in Whitehall that the government may have overestimated its leverage with Brussels.
Given that a disorderly departure from the EU would have greater impact on the British economy than on Europe’s, officials have warned that Brussels would have the upper hand in several aspects of the talks because of the limited time available to conclude a comprehensive exit deal.
Post-mortem of Britain’s electoral upset >>>
Age is now the main determining factor affecting party choice. The “phenomenal” generational divide has never before been so stark, according to John Curtice of NatCen Social Research. Mr Corbyn pulled in young people in droves by promising free university tuition. Labour won 43 of the 60 constituencies where full-time students make up 15% or more of the adult population, five of which it gained from the Tories.
Overall, turnout rose by 2.5 points to 68.7%, the highest since 1997. Seat-by-seat analysis shows that it increased most in areas with large populations of well-educated under-45s; areas that are ethnically diverse; and areas that voted to remain in the European Union last year. That probably cost the Conservatives. Turnout in pro-EU London, where they lost six seats, increased by five points to surpass 70% for the first time since 1992.
Brexit paid some dividends to the Tories. In 2015 the UK Independence Party won 12.6% of the vote with an anti-EU message. With the referendum won, its vote collapsed. About 60% of those who voted for UKIP in 2015 defected to the Conservatives, according to a post-election survey by Lord Ashcroft. The Tories did best in constituencies that voted heavily for Brexit: in six of their eight new English seats the Leave vote was over 60%.
But Brexit hurt the party in other places. Excluding Scotland, there is a strong correlation between swings from the Tories to Labour and the vote in the EU referendum (see chart). By our seat-by-seat analysis, Brexit was responsible for about half of the national swing from the Tories to Labour. Labour said as little as possible about the subject, allowing it to attract voters from both sides of the referendum divide. It gained 18 seats in lukewarm Leave constituencies and 13 in areas that voted Remain.