Samir’s Selection 09/27/2013 (p.m.)

  • Ad Hoc is the company behind the popular, and occasionally controversial Burner disposable phone number app for iOS and Android.

    “Separating phone number management from carrier control is a disruptive idea,” Venrock’s Campise said in a statement today. “Moving the call and SMS interface out of the carriers’ stack provides true number portability, giving consumers more flexibility and control. We also believe there’s a longer-term trend separating user identity from a single mobile number.”

    tags: Burner burnerphone anonymity privacy surveillance NSA mobilemedia mobileapp telecoms

  • There is, however, another way of looking at mind wandering, a personal perspective, if you will. For the individual, mind wandering offers the possibility of very real, personal reward, some immediate, some more distant.

    These rewards include self- awareness, creative incubation, improvisation and evaluation, memory consolidation, autobiographical planning, goal driven thought, future planning, retrieval of deeply personal memories, reflective consideration of the meaning of events and experiences, simulating the perspective of another person, evaluating the implications of self and others’ emotional reactions, moral reasoning, and reflective compassion…

    Traditional theories of intelligence emphasize cognitive control, deliberate planning, and decontextualized problem solving as the essence of human intelligence (Kaufman, 2011). This is largely due to the purpose of the first intelligence test: to identify students in need of alternative education. Because intelligence tests were designed to predict school grades, the tests were intentionally designed to measure the ability to profit from explicit instruction, concentrate on an external goal, and engage in abstract reasoning. Therefore it should come as no surprise that IQ test performance is strongly associated with activation of the executive attention brain network… 

    When daydreaming, the contents of consciousness tend to be focused on upcoming personally meaningful events, indicating that they may play a role in autobiographical planning (Smallwood et al., 2009b; Morsella et al., 2010). In particular, Klinger (1999) showed that people’s daydreams and night dreams reflect “current concerns” ranging from constant thought of incomplete tasks to unresolved desires, ranging from sexual and social strivings to altruistic or revenge urges and the panoply of human motivations…

    tags: attention distraction daydreaming thought consciousness neuroscience intelligence IQ

  • tags: law constitution foreign comparison resource

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

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